An operating theatre is a place in the hospital where multiple operations take place upon patients. There is a wide variety of staff that all work together as a team to achieve the best possible outcome for the patient. There are many different surgical specialties. Elective operations run on a daily basis and theatre utilization is from 8:30 – 5:30, during this time they will fit in as many operations as possible to maximize the usage of the equipment and staff. This could be made up of an all day list, all morning list or and all afternoon list. The exceptions are the emergency theatre and the obstetric theatre which both run on a 24 hour basis, for emergencies only. The theatre involves many different specialty staff these will include; The theatre porter who is responsible for transporting the patients to and from the theatre, the HCA who is responsible for responsible top the scrub practitioner, and makes sure that all equipment is available for the necessary operations, the stocking up and cleaning of theatres and understanding the sterile field, the scrub practitioner assists the surgeon in the process of the operation, handing the required instruments to the surgeon so that they can effectively carry out the procedure, the surgeons who can be a consultant, registrar or a SHO (senior house officer) specializing in the area of surgical expertise and carrying out the operation, the anaesthetist who is responsible for the successful anaesthetic to the patient and administering effective pain relief throughout the procedure and post-operatively so that the operation can be carried out smoothly, Anaesthetic assistant is responsible for ensuring that the anaesthetist has all the necessary equipment and assist them throughout the operation.
The theatre environment there are many different procedures and practices that are carried out on a day-to-day basis, for example, General Surgery such as appendicectomy, hernia and gall bladder. Urology which includes removal of kidney stones and bladder tumors. ENT which involves tonsillectomy, grommits, and thyroid removal. Gynaecology which includes hysterectomy’s and ovarian cyst removal. Trauma and Orthopaedics, this includes hip replacements, and broken wrists and bones. Opthalmic theatre which includes catarac operations as well as any in-eye or outer-eye procedures. Obestetrics which is elective and emergency c-sections. These procedures are carried out as a diagnosis has been made and by carrying out the operation it either removes the problem that has been found and improves the patients quality of life.